Thursday, 17 October 2013

Lombok Tourism Place and the Sasak Tribe


Lombok Island Tourism Map

Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. The northern part of the island is mountainous and lush with tall trees or  shrubs. The south, on the other hand is arid and covered by savannas. The difference becomes more pronounced as one moves further east, where dry seasons are more prolonged.

Situated on the western side of Lombok Island, the city of Mataram is the capital and largest city in the West Nusa Tenggara Province. Mataram is the center of the provincial government, education, commerce, industry and services. Public buildings, banks, post office, general hospitals, shopping malls, and hotels are found here, making it a perfect staging point before travelers explore the undiscovered splendors of Lombok Island.

Sasak Tribe

No many people know about this general area in the past. During 17th century, Dutch began to colonize this place. Sasak kingdom dominated this area until Balinese and Makasarrese attacked it. In the middle of 18th century, Balinese kingdom reigned this place. Dutch occupied this place in 19th century.

After Indonesian independence, Sasak people and Balinese dominate Lombok, but Javanese also can be found in West Nusa Tenggara. Arab, Bugis and Chinese also live in this area. Most of Sasak people are Muslim. They value modesty, meaning visitors should respect their belief. You should cover yourself appropriately, meaning going nude or topless is deemed inappropriate. Public display of affection should be limited and consumption of alcohol must be done moderately.

Nowadays, Sasak People still live like their ancestors, fishing or farming. Corn and sago are staple food, instead of rice. Sasak people enjoy spicy food such as Ayam Taliwang, Plecing Kangkung, Nasi Balap Puyung or Sayur Kelor. Ayam Taliwang is roasted chicken served with peanut, tomato chili and lime dip. Plecing Kangkung is stir-fry water spinach that made with chili, shrimp paste and tomato. Nasi Balap Puyung is rice with side dishes of spicy chicken and fried soy bean. And the last, sayur kelor is hot soup with kelor leaves.

Some of Sasak People is a weaver too. Sukerare and Sade village is the producent of woven fabric which is called Tenun Sasak or Songket Sasak. It is one of the uniqes traditional crafts from Lombok. Women in these village was indeed obliged to learn weaving. More uniquely, one of the conditions of the weavers in the village must be a girl or still virgin or unmarried women. So you could say, before getting married, the girl must be clever in weaving.

Tenun Sasak

Regulation for marriage in Sasak is called Merarik. So, if both of them like each other, don ' t have to wait long to get married. The boy must steal the girl, wait for one day and the girl’s parents will looking for her. After that they should be married. Filch the girl was more accepted their family.

And the last, the most popular in Lombok is the tourism places. Senggigi and Kuta Beach in Lombok is also famous for its beautiful, largely deserted, white sand beaches. Sekotong, in southwest Lombok, is popular for its numerous and diverse scuba diving locations. South Lombok surfing is considered some of the best in the world and includes Desert Point at Banko Banko in the southwest of the island. And the nothern, you can go to Gili Islands. They are Gili Trawangan, Gili Meno and Gili Air. But, if you like adventurer activity, you must try to climb and hike the Rinjani Mountain. Rinjani Mountain is the third highest Mountain in Indonesia with the top 3.726 meters above sea level. You can see a most beautiful landscape like a paradise. Trekking up Rinjani Mountain is a test of endurance but you’ll be rewarded with spectacular views of volcanic landscapes, sulfur lakes and waterfalls and other magnificent scenery along the way. Once you’ve climbed the mountain, there are still many wonders left to explore in the Rinjani Mountain National Park.

Kuta Beach, Lombok

Rinjani Mountain

*all photos are from :)

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